In the metal processing industry, CNC lathes are also called CNC turning centers. It is a machine tool that rotates a workpiece on a rotating axis, usually the X axis, to perform various machining operations. For example, cutting, knurling, grinding, drilling, deforming, finishing, and turning. This type of machining process is performed using a tool that is applied to the workpiece and creates an object symmetrical to the axis driven by the spindle.
Regarding the classification of CNC lathes, there are two main types of this category: vertical lathes and horizontal lathes. For the former, the workpiece is fixed vertically, such as by clamping force, and the installation direction of the cutting tool is the same, so the processing is performed vertically.
Compared with the horizontal method, the rigidity and fixability of the clamping mechanism are greatly improved due to the effect of gravity. Manufacturers of vertical lathes usually turn their vertical lathes into first-class manufacturing facilities in pursuit of high precision for users in various industrial fields. For example, the automotive industry, aerospace, sports equipment applications, and other fields with larger-sized workpieces.
In addition, the vertical clamping mechanism can be realized by belt drive. Some can be other types of drive mechanisms, and either way can play the role of gravity well. Like other milling machines and machining centers, lathes can also be equipped with power tools and tool magazines driven by servo motors or simple conventional motors. In order to improve its processing function and versatility, it provides greater processing possibilities for on-site operators of manufacturing plants. Power tool holder is a modern standard accessory of many CNC lathes. As one of the most important accessories for CNC lathe users, Taiwan suppliers have targeted this business and have developed many well-known power tool holder and power tool companies to support the needs of lathe users all over the global market.
For modern machining, the power tool holder is one of the most important keys for lathes. Many power turrets are driven by a single motor with servo function, which can ensure the best processing effect and save the best energy consumption. At the same time, they can also provide great rigidity to the workpiece and ideal cutting capabilities. In addition, the tool magazine and automatic tool changer (ATC) are also the best-selling products of Taiwan machine tool parts suppliers. Taiwan's tool magazine and ATC system can provide customers with the best tool time according to their cycle engineering to help manufacturers meet their order requirements.
Compared with global competitors, Taiwanese know how to provide comprehensive services to the best-planned global customers based on local conditions. Therefore, products equipped with machine tools or accessories have actually been upgraded to the latest modern version according to order requirements. Speaking of the heart of the machine, the main shaft and corresponding hydraulic cylinder used in conjunction with the chuck are also well developed in Taiwan. Along with the CNC lathes’ market, there are a bunch of lathe products and accessories that have been widely distributed in different industrial fields and applications around the world. At the same time, the CNC horizontal lathe is a conventional design, which has been developed and widely used for more than a century.
This type of turning model is the oldest one and has been most widely used in the industrial field. The horizontal feature makes the lathe easy to use and maintain, and is more widely used in many industries due to its convenience and structure. Therefore, for users, there is no better standard answer in the horizontal or vertical direction, but only the application field.
The development of power turrets, power tools, automatic pallet changers and the fourth axis is the current trend because they are versatile once installed on a lathe. In order to make better use of these accessories, the lathe has a milling function. So you can change the turning to a turning center, which is very different from the ordinary lathe in many ways.
Therefore, the current trend in the industry is to provide customers with more optimal products while choosing lathes, thereby making their production lines more flexible in manufacturing. In addition, industrial sensors are a recent new technological revolution, not only for lathe machinery, but also for various machine tools that help manufacturers achieve intelligent manufacturing goals. Despite the success of this state-of-the-art technology, the development in this area is still under general research procedures.
Due to the invention of computer-based control systems, more and more field operators choose to operate their lathes under CNC control. It has better repeatability, high precision and extremely high processing performance. Now, with the addition of intelligent manufacturing elements, it is expected that fully automatic CNC lathes will work more in the factory than before.
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