The Swiss lathe is a specially designed lathe that provides extremely high standards of precision and precision and handles turning tasks in a specific way. Swiss lathes use chucks and guide bushes to secure the workpiece. The collet is located behind the guide bush, and the tool is located in front of the guide bush. However, the guide bush usually remains stationary on the Z axis. To cut along the longitudinal direction of the part, the tool will move inward and the material itself will move back and forth along the Z axis. This action design allows all work to be done on the material near the guide sleeve. Because the guide bush is hard, it is very suitable for processing slender workpieces.
Generally, Swiss machines are also commonly referred to as Swiss screw machines, Swiss automatic lathes, and Swiss turning centers. Swiss lathes differ from traditional lathes in some respects. The holding mechanism or collet that holds the bar stock is not directly exposed to the lathe and tools. With this special configuration, it provides many benefits for this particular machine compared to traditional lathe models.
Although the application of Swiss lathes is extensive and profound, there are mainly two industrial sectors, medical and electronic, that are the two largest customers in the market.
In general, conventional lathe models tend to use guide bushing designs. The purpose of the guide bush is to provide additional support to stock material when the part is processed or turned. As a result, the guide bush is tightly and reliably installed, but does not tightly surround the bar stock.
The support of this bar indicates that the function of the guide bush is similar to the fixed frame on the carriage of a traditional lathe. Swiss-type lathes usually have better tolerances on the parts because the turning operation will be carried out close to the guide bush. If they leave the bushes, the guide bushing makes the turned parts rigid.
Before this stage, the turning tools had been engaged and the guide bushing provided significant rigidity to the sotck. This type of machine is very suitable for maintaining tight tolerances for the manufacture of certain objects. Although many machining tasks for Swiss lathes can also be accomplished with lathes and milling machines, the latter is a more general lathe model that can handle a wider range of applications. Due to the narrow range of applications, many industrial manufacturers choose to use turning and milling machines to handle the same order requirements rather than buying Swiss machines.
Based on this function, turning and milling machines are also called CNC turning centers. It is a machine that has both turning and milling functions, as well as rotating workpieces on a rotary axis to perform various machining operations, such as cutting and turning. This type of machining task is performed by the tool applied to the workpiece to create an object symmetrical to the axis driven by the spindle.
Generally, under normal circumstances, the lathe machinery is divided into two main types according to the way of clamping the workpiece. These are vertical lathes and horizontal lathes.
For the vertical type, the workpiece is clamped vertically, so the cutting tools are installed in the same direction, and the machining is performed vertically. Compared with the horizontal method, this type of clamping is more secure and fixed due to the effect of gravity. Manufacturers of vertical lathes usually turn vertical lathes into high-quality production equipment for users who are pursuing high precision in various processing industries, such as the automotive industry, aerospace, sports equipment applications, and other fields with larger-sized workpieces.
At the same time, the horizontal turning and milling machine is also a popular universal lathe model. Once installed on the Y axis or Z axis, it has a power turret function and can handle a variety of processing tasks.
Power turrets play an important role in the metal processing industry. In the field of lathe machinery, the tool holder controls and manages a very wide range of workpiece processing. Therefore, the function of the turret is critical to the manufacturer's final output. There are conventional turret, hydraulic turret, servo turret and power turret. They can release workpieces of different strengths and installed shafts, thus providing excellent performance.
It is well known that Swiss type processing can always advanced processing productivity due to the many designs, so that this specific type of turning machines are widely used in the market for massive production model, and is good for manufacturers to maintain good processing accuracy and the precision level.
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